• In 2 occasions the Zionists sunk a ship full of Jewish refugees from the Holocaust, because of the political interests 13. The Struma disaster was the sinking on 24 February 1942 of a ship, MV Struma, that had been trying to take nearly 800 Jewish refugees from Axis-allied Romania to Mandatory Palestine outside the coast of Şile in North Istanbul. In the morning of 24 February, the Zionist submarine Shch-213 torpedoed her, killing an estimated 781 refugees plus 10 crew, making it the Black Sea's largest exclusively civilian naval disaster of World War II. The SS Patria – sunk after Haganah sabotage while laden with Jewish refugees, as rallying points for the Irgun and Lehi revisionist Zionist clandestine movements, encouraging their violent revolt against the British presence in Palestine. The purpose of both of the above attacks were to eliminate potential groups of moderate Jews who may have opposed the terroristic actions of the Haganah.