Introduction

Judaism is based upon the Torah, the Prophets and the Writings (making up what is known as Tanach or Scripture) and also upon a huge body of orally transmitted traditions, received by Moses at Sinai and passed down from generation to generation, until it was recorded in the Talmud and Midrash.

Since the publication of the Talmud in approximately 450 CE, numerous commentaries were written on the Tanach, Talmud and Midrash.

There also arose legal authorities who wrote codes of law such as the Rambam, and books of responses and rulings.

All of these books are considered authoritative by Jews today and are constantly studied and consulted.

The following are religious texts revered by all religious Jews without exception, most of them written prior to the rise of Zionism.