• In 1948-49, [the beginning of the State’s existence] Ben Gurion looked to the Islamic countries for Jews who could fill the resultant cheap labor market. "Emissaries" were smuggled into these countries to "convince" Jews to leave either by trickery or fear. - In the case of Iraq, both methods were used: uneducated Jews were told of a Messianic Israel, in which the blind see, the lame walk, and onions grow as big as melons; educated Jews had bombs thrown at them.